Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education Ayurveda (Science of long and healthy life) described 'Human is the combination of body, mind and soul'. Ayurveda suggested 'Vyayama (exercise) for the body and yoga for mind & soul'. IJYESSPE en-US Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education 0975-265X Effects of yogic practices on polypharmacy <p>The occurrence and concurrency of Noncommunicable chronic diseases increase with age, and therefore, the number of medications used increases correspondingly. Polypharmacy is a scenario in which five medications or more are consumed concurrently (regardless of dose and duration of consumption), which leads to reduced quality of life, physical problems, increased drug interactions, adverse effects, and medical complications and increases the cost of treatment. Moreover, polypharmacy increases the incidence of falls, frequency of hospital admission, length of stay, and the death rate among patients, especially in the elderly population. This would allow therapies like Yoga, pranayama, and meditation to act as an effective mainstay or adjunctive or alternative therapy for many disorders, as it can be cost-effective, patient-compliant, and clinically efficacious with the most negligible side effects. However, very few studies have focused on the impact of yogic practices on reducing drug dosage or polypharmacy among patients. Hence, a Medline English literature search was planned to review all the studies demonstrating a dose-response effect between yogic practices and the number/dosage of medication reduction in different disorders. Data extracted and analyzed depicted that the practice of Yoga, pranayama, and meditation can result not only in reducing the number of medications but also the dosages in hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, bronchial asthma, arthritis, sleep disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), gastrointestinal disorders like constipation and irritable bowel syndrome.</p> Dr. Balaji Pa Dr. Smitha R Varne Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-19 2023-12-19 1 10 10.58914/ijyesspe.2023-8.2.1 Sustainable Adaptation To Human Organism Through Regular Yoga Practicing During Covid-19 Pandemic Situation-a Review <p>Recently our world have faced and gained experience of Covid-19 pandemic. This is a deadly communicable disease and spread in all the countries with a very speed. Mainly it affects the respiratory system first and from there the other systems start damaging. On that time, the ancient yoga: a body-mind-soul practice techniques has received an incredible response to fight against that pandemic. Especially the yogasana, pranayama and meditation practice was become more popular than ever. For physical body yogasana, for mental body pranayama and for spiritual body meditation was widely used all over the world in this time. Here, in this article the author discussed with the support of various internet sources about the sustainable adaptation of human organism due to the regular practice of yoga during Covid-19.&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Tirtha Mondal Malabika Biswas Copyright (c) 2023 Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education 2023-12-19 2023-12-19 11 13 10.58914/ijyesspe.2023-8.2.2 Effect of Regular Exercise on Low-Density Lipoprotein Level <p>Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is called bad cholesterol. High LDL level leads to a build-up of cholesterol in arteries, which may elicit heart disease. Therefore, it is necessary to keep under controlled LDL levels for the safety of life. The researchers in this study investigate whether exercise may lead to decreasing the LDL level. A total of sixty undergraduate willing female students, with a mean age (of 22+1 years), were conveniently selected from two populations and divided into two groups: the exercise group (n=30) and the wait-for-list control group (n=30). A total of four hours per day and six days per week of exercise and games were practiced for twelve weeks by the exercise group. The Hitachi 704 analyzer conducted a lipid profile test during pre and post-intervention. The level of LDL was decreased by 32.48% after twelve weeks in the exercise group. It can be explained that the physiological process of fat loss occurs when fats are liberated from adipocytes and other areas into circulation to supply the needed energy during exercise.</p> Aloke Sen Barman Atindra Nath Dey Copyright (c) 2023 Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education 2023-12-19 2023-12-19 14 17 10.58914/ijyesspe.2023-8.2.3 Management of Sports Activities at the University Level for Popularizing and Promoting Sports Culture in India <p>Sports have been recognized as an indispensable part of a university in India, which can generate feelings of national pride and identity. Developing and promoting sports culture and creating a vibrant sports atmosphere at the university level is critical to professionally managing university sports activities. Jadavpur University, as an Indian university, adopted some significant steps to manage university sports activities for developing and promoting the Indian sports culture. Some criteria were recommended in this university sports policies, like sports quota admission, relaxation of percentage/marks/ranks, and attendance after university participation in sports. <br />Several plans were executed to motivate sportspersons, such as a sports inspiration program, enhancement of allowances, special incentives to the medal winners, the award for best sports person trophy, releasing sports activities report annually, and induction of a sports board tag on the university website.</p> <p><br />For professional staff resource management of sports, various qualified part-time coaches, trainers, and instructors are appointed for different sports events as and when required. There are sports board members and technical and supportive staff to perform the functional activities of university sports. <br />Several methods were applied to manage sports facilities by providing hiring and support services, inculcating informal events, organizing intra-mural sports activities, conducting university coaching programs, celebrating Independence Week with sports events, etc.<br />Several initiatives were taken to manage sports infrastructure and funds for implementing sports fees, undertaking sports projects, hosting A.I.U. Inter-university events with sponsorship, collaborative sports programs with other organizations, and joint sports ventures with commercial companies. <br />It was observed that after implementing all the above activities, the number of sports participants and achievements had increased, sports facilities and infrastructure developed, the economic growth of the University improved, and the progressive promotion of sports culture reached a new height.</p> Aparup Konar Copyright (c) 2023 Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education 2023-12-19 2023-12-19 18 24 10.58914/ijyesspe.2023-8.2.4 Anxiety in Volleyball: Gender Differences During Competition <p>This study aimed to explore distinctions between male and female volleyball players in terms of various sub-domains of the sports anxiety scale and overall anxiety. A total of 126 female and 55 male volleyball players from different State teams in India were chosen using a convenient random sampling technique during the 47th Junior National Volleyball Championship of India. To gauge the anxiety levels of the volleyball players, the researcher utilized the modified version (The Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS), n.d.) of the Sports Anxiety Scale – 2. The Shapiro-Wilk normality test revealed that the data did not conform to a normal distribution. The Mann-Whitney U Test did not identify any noteworthy gender differences among the volleyball players in anxiety subscales, including Worry, Concentration Disruption, Somatic Trait Anxiety, and Total Anxiety. This outcome suggests that male and female volleyball players likely experience comparable anxiety levels during competition.</p> Ashoke Mukherjee Copyright (c) 2023 Indian Journal of YOGA Exercise & Sport Science and Physical Education 2023-12-19 2023-12-19 25 32 10.58914/ijyesspe.2023-8.2.5